Hyperlipidemia is a word that the describes a condition in which there is too much cholesterol or fat in the blood. People who consume diets high in fat and calories, as well as those who are obese are most susceptible to hyperlipidemia. The condition is diagnosed using blood tests. A fasting blood test known as a lipid panel is ordered by a physician. This test measures cholesterol levels, and blood fat or triglyercide levels. If hyperlipidemia is ignored it can lead to heart attack or stroke. Hyperlipidemia can be prevented with diet and exercise and if needed, can be treated with medications.
Prevention of hyperlipidemia
Hyperlipidemia can be prevented by eating healthy foods. Eating foods that lower cholesterol is a first line defense against this condition. Increasing intake of fruits, vegetables and whole grains can help reduce cholesterol, since all of these foods contain fiber. What is also important, is that these are plant foods that contain no cholesterol, so eating them does not add cholesterol to the diet. One should keep in mind however, that the way foods are prepared can also add fat and cholesterol. Seasoning vegetables with high fat meats like ham hocks, and other fatty cuts of pork defeats the purpose. Using herbs, spices, and low sodium meat or poultry flavored broths are healthier seasoning options.
Eating fewer sugary high fat foods can also reduce triglycerides or blood fats. Also consuming non-fat or low-fat dairy products can keep cholesterol and triglycerides under control. Getting enough physical activity can lower cholesterol. Walking 30-60 minutes most days of the week is a simple low-cost way to get adequate physical activity. As a result of walking and eating healthier, the weight that may be lost is also a way to prevent hyperlipidemia.
Treatment for hyperlipidemia
The first line of treatment for hyperlipidemia is a healthy diet and physical activity. For those who have heredity issues that contribute to the condition, medications may be prescribed. Cholesterol lowering medications known as statins help remove excess cholesterol from the blood, or block it from being absorbed in the intestines. Also medications can be prescribed to treat high triglycerides.